In a groundbreaking discovery, a team of astronomers at a British university has uncovered a massive ring-shaped structure in space that challenges our understanding of the universe. The diameter of the big ring is 1.3 billion light years, which would make it 15 times the size of the Moon if we could see it in the night sky.
This discovery contradicts one of the fundamental principles of cosmology, which states that entities of matter much larger than galaxies should not form in space. However, this newfound structure is not only large but also contradicts other principles of astronomy and cosmology.
The team believes that this biggest structure in the universe may be remnants from the early universe. According to them, high and low density materials would have solidified into parts outside galaxies in ancient times. Deputy Director of the Royal Astronomical Society Robert Massey says that what was once considered one of the central principles of astronomy may need to be re-evaluated.
Lopez made this discovery with help from telescopes and computers after accidental discovery while working on his PhD thesis at UCLan’s University College Lancashire (UCLan), England. He previously discovered another space superstructure named Giant Arc and has now found another massive structure named Big Ring, located over nine billion light-years away from Earth. Lopez wonders how such a mechanism could produce these structures on such a large scale, making it difficult for astronomers to imagine its existence.
The announcement came during an annual meeting held in New Orleans by American Astronomical Society (AAS) where Lopez presented his findings on January 24th, 2023.
Overall, this discovery challenges our current understanding of space and raises questions about how galaxies form and evolve over time.
In conclusion, this discovery highlights how much we still have to learn about our universe and how even our most fundamental understanding can be challenged by new evidence.