A new study conducted by researchers at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) has shed light on the fact that young people are more susceptible to factors that promote atherosclerosis, such as high cholesterol and blood pressure. The study, which was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, emphasizes the need for aggressive control of risk factors to begin at an earlier age.
According to the researchers, arteries in younger people are more vulnerable to damage due to these factors, possibly because they are less exposed to aging. However, the good news is that atherosclerosis can be reversed if aggressive interventions are implemented early on. Lifestyle modifications, such as diet changes, reducing alcohol consumption, and lowering salt intake, can help control cholesterol levels and blood pressure. If these measures are not effective, pharmacological treatments may be necessary.
The authors of the study urge for early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive management of risk factors to alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease. They recommend screening for cholesterol or atheroma plaques in the carotid or femoral arteries to identify those at risk and begin aggressive risk factor management.
It is estimated that 30% of people between 40 and 45 years old have atherosclerosis in some arterial segment. This underscores the importance of early intervention and control of risk factors in young adults as a preventive measure. By taking action now, we can help reduce the number of cases of cardiovascular disease in future generations.